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Journal NotaBene Issue 56 (2022) Editor: Gergana Popova

Topic of the issue: Again on being and art

On the originality of the origin in the original (a Heidegger fugue)

The text elaborates on the Heidegger’s ek-sistential idea of the origin as an alternative of the philosophical demands for principles and consistent systematic expositions. The contraposition is exercised as a cognitive and hermeneutic confrontation between the formal-rational and historical-being thinking. The first is a millennial metaphysical tradition. The second is a Heidegger’s design rooted into the truth of Seyn. The hermeneutic interplay of the two origins has a phenomenological fugue structure which grows on the destruction of the corps of the European metaphysics. The fugue starts with a clear exposition, the counterpoints gradually intertwine in a multiple intermedia and finally the polyphony culminates in silence. As though philosophy listens to the picture of Edvard Munch The Scream and construes its sense in the language of its hues.
Key words: Heidegger, origin, Seyn, historical-being thinking, fugue, silence.

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Psychoanalysis of love in fiction (Bulgarian psychoanalytic thought from the interwar period)

The article discusses a specific aspect of the multifaceted application of psychoanalysis in Bulgaria in the thirties of the twentieth century – the psychoanalytic understanding of love in literary works. First, an overview of these works, which argue the productivity of the application of psychoanalysis in literature, as well as the psychoanalytic understanding of the phenomenon of love. Following is a presentation of the specific activities of Bulgarian psychoanalysts with examples of world fiction and the interpretation of love stories. Particular attention is paid to the psychoanalytic interpretations of Sotir Koshkov and Mladen Nikolov.
The study uses many short texts by Bulgarian philosophers and psychologists (psychoanalysts), which are scattered throughout the then humanitarian periodicals and are not republished today. These are publications in literary and socio-political newspapers and magazines such as "Literary Voice", "Literary Hour", "Warm spring wind", "Fall of the Leaves", "Thought", "Art and Criticism", "Sagittarius", "Philosophical Review". The article is an attempt at today's reading of these forgotten texts.
Key words: psychoanalysis and literature, psychoanalytic explanation of love, interwar period, Bulgarian psychoanalysts, Bulgarian humanitarian periodicals

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The relationship between spirit and art according to their originary meaning. Part 1

The inquiry traces out a possible way in which given originary concepts of spirit and art could be related to each other when it comes to a fundamental ontology of art. More precisely the principle of relating is defined by the nature of spirituality itself as originary when it comes to art, because of which it, as such, reveals art as a spiritual form.
Keywords: art, spirit, ontology of art

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About the good soldier Schweik and some problems of film education in Bulgaria

Тhe quality of education in the field of audiovisual arts and media suggests methodological and practical efforts to expand students' "horizon" in different specialties not only as wider competitiveness and professional fulfillment, but also in the direction of motivation and stimulation of the abilities of reflection and assaying of the processes occurring within the scope of media field, cinema art and culture as a whole. This experience is related to personal development, independence, creativity and innovation. Are there any significant problems related to achieving high quality education in this profesional field and what can be done to overcome the existing problems of film education in Bulgaria.
Key words: cinema, education, author, culture, acceptance

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“Duty, Freedom and Justice – the Unachievable Balance. Libertas contra Ethicon”

Postmodernism forces us to reconsider our traditional views. Fundamental are the ones concerning the new ethical reading of what is categorical in ethics. Without rethinking the ideas of freedom and justice, today’s society will not be able to overcome the challenges of mass involvement, collective opportunism and misunderstood solidarity. It is precisely the criticism and rehabilitation of ideals that would help eliminate the delusions that have become the model of modern man.
By intertwining the classical and modern readings of what is originally meant by duty, freedom and justice, the exhibition does not aim to analyse their nature, but only identify the reasons for the existing opposition between freedom and ethics, most clearly manifested in the political role of the subject and the state as an artefact.
Keywords: pluralistic pragmatism, utilitarianism, freedom, justice, duty, public benefit, individual, ethical

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Minima moralia


The article is debating upon the problems that were revealed during the process of online acting education. Provoked by the circumstances we were challenged to deal with unexpected loss of familiar surface, the distortion of the ordinary work rhythm and the displacement of the focus upon the nonverbal acting exercises, so otherwise motivating in the first year of education. We dared to make an experiment based on the mythological theme of “Jason and the Argonauts”. The students created their own contemporary monologues for an online performance. The task was to go in the depths of emotional memory and the fine texture of theatrical worlds. The conclusions from this work are that we should challenge the imaginative awareness of the students and that is necessary to have an individual approach towards each actor. By challenging their potential we were able to develop acting skills in front of the cameras. To keep their motivation, so fragile in such confused time, their unique creations, one way or another, should meet an audience. In collaboration with students in the film arts, when the chance presented itself, a few short movie pieces were produced. We went to this untimely journey into the virtual void unprepared but inspired, facing the crisis and confronting its impact with artistic sensibility.
Key words: acting education, contemporary monologues, online performance

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Eidetic vision of light

The whole of this article is to present a theoretical study that includes that includes the relationship between the visible and the invisible, the immanent and the transcendent, the sensory and the rational, referring to ancient philosophical theory.
In this connection, the question of light as eidos will be added, serving as a boundary line between being and non-being, and at the same time uniting two principles (active and passive, i.e (information and energy / matter)). The idea is to emphasize that it is due to the interaction between these two components of the noumenon (passive and active principle) that they appear, i.e. being (the phenomenon).
Key words: light, eidos, matter, energy

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The Human Situation in the Age of Globalization

The idea of globalization is produced as the inevitable future of people and societies around the world, but it raises many questions which answers are unclear or unsatisfactory. Therefore, this article examines some of the problems related to globalization, such as, for example, its relation to the nation-state and the consequences for the latter that arise from this contact. Analyzing concepts such as "globalism", "globality", "globalization", "modernity", "postmodernity" etc, the paper looks for answers to the questions of what is to be globalized and whether the individual gains anything from this process or is simply drawn into it.
Key words: globalization, globality, globalism, modernity, postmodernity, panopticon, synopticon, global risk society.

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The Lebanese Parliamentary Elections 2022: A reading of the background and results

On May 15, 2022, Lebanon witnessed its first parliamentary elections after the protests of October 2019 and the explosion of the Port of Beirut in August 2020. Although the camp that includes Hezbollah and its allies lost the majority it enjoyed in the previous parliament, the results were not result in a clear majority for either party; This may delay the formation of the government, and the election of a new president to replace the current president, Michel Aoun, whose term ends in October 2022, and plunges the country into a state of political paralysis. The article presents a reading of the background and results of this election and drawing up future scenarios, and in the absence of a parliamentary majority for any particular group or alliance, internal developments depend largely on the regional situation. The resulting parliament open the door to delays and delays with the aim of obtaining political gains in government shares or in the presidential elections, or waiting for a regional deal in the next stage. The previous failure to agree on governments, and the lengthening of their formation for months, was to reopen the debate about the nature of the Lebanese system and the need for serious constitutional amendments towards expanded decentralization or a new electoral law. It is expected that this discussion will return to the fore in the event of the failure to form a government and the intensification of the living crisis as a result of the collapse of the local currency; as there has become a political and popular conviction that there is a structural defect that transcends political divisions and tensions, and requires research into Hezbollah’s weapons and role in the coming period, as well as the nature of the system and the electoral law.
Keywords: Election, Lebanon, Government, Presidential Elections, Lebanese System.

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Social roles of students in inspecting the quality of Bulgarian education

The article analyzes the topic of the social roles of students as participants in the innovative social phenomenon of inspecting the quality of Bulgarian education. Like any innovation launched in the evaluation of education, the inspection places students in the roles of key players: "evaluated" and "evaluated". Students know and perform very well in the established in their school institutions roles of "students who are assessed in the learning process" But in the phenomenon of assessing the quality of education, students are required to master a new social role who are directly involved in the inspection.
The first part of the article deals with the semantics of the social role. The second part of the article focuses on the analysis of the inspection, the specific opinions of students who have entered the social role of assessors in the activities of quality inspection of educational institutions, in which their main social role is taught and assessed in the educational process.
How is the quality inspection of Bulgarian educational institutions happening?
How can the social phenomenon of quality inspection of education help the development of the Bulgarian educational system and policies to ensure the quality of education?
To what extent do social actors: students, parents, teachers, principals, administrative staff in the education system and structures know their social roles and interactions in the processes of assessing the achieved level of quality of education in inspection?
All these issues are to be researched and announced in the Bulgarian educational system in order to facilitate and effective social actors: students, parents, teachers, principals, in the implementation of their compiled social roles of evaluators and evaluators.
Key words: social actor, social roles, inspection of the quality of Bulgarian education, evaluation of the quality of Bulgarian education

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