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The Objective Scope of Thinking in Kant’s Transcendental Dialectic

In the Transcendental Dialectic of Critique of Pure Reason, Kant poses a task hitherto unexplored in the territory of logic: to find and derive universal forms in the realization of the supreme unity of thought. In concrete terms, these must be the higher a priori forms of reason or its supreme concepts: transcendental ideas. They base the whole thinking in its higher synthetic functions which are cast into the extension to universality of the inference functions of thinking. On this scale, the projection of the ultimate and general scope of thinking opens, which Kant defines as the “totality of the conditions” in thinking in general, and as a pure and supreme functional element of the unconditioned of thinking. There is no way that this innovatively set and solved task will not lead to new formations in view of the general nature and action of the higher concepts of reason. These transcendental logical formations and procedures form a new construction of whole thinking and illuminate its general objective possibilities.
Keywords: Kant, transcendental philosophy, transcendental logic, the unconditioned, the principle of determination.

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